Getting Started

Annuals, Perennials and Biennials

Annuals, Perennials and Biennials

Annuals are plants that germinate, flower, set seed, and die all in one year. Providing lots of colour in a short space of time, often used in bedding schemes and great for new flower borders, their main aim is to reproduce (set seed), which means they will flower their socks off to achieve their goal. If you deadhead regularly annuals will continue to flower until the first frosts and some will set seed easily to provide new plants the following year.


Biennial plants complete their life cycle in two years. They germinate and grow in first year and bloom and die in the second year.

Popular biennials are wallflowers and myosotis (forget-me-nots) which provide wonderful spring colour.


Perennials are plants that live for more than two years. Herbaceous perennials have non-woody stems that die down to the ground each year while the roots remain alive underground, coming back to life the following spring. Perennial plants are a great investment for the garden, usually getting bigger and stronger with each year that passes. Many are easy to propagate by division, taking cuttings or collecting and sowing the seed. Take note of the growing conditions required to achieve the best results from your plants.

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